The Construction of Analogy-Based Research Programs
The Lock-and-Key Analogy in 20th Century Biochemistry
When the German chemist Emil Fischer presented his lock-and-key hypothesis in 1899, his analogy to describe the molecular relationship between enzymes and substrates quickly gained vast influence and provided future generations of scientists with a tool to investigate the relation between chemical structure and biological specificity.
Rebecca Mertens explains the appeal of the lock-and-key analogy by its role in model building and in the construction of long-term, cross-generational research programs. She argues that a crucial feature of these research programs, namely ascertaining the continuity of core ideas and concepts, is provided by a certain way of analogy-based modelling.
FrontmatterSeiten 1 - 4
Table of contentsSeiten 5 - 6
PrefaceSeiten 7 - 8
1 The lock-and-key analogy and its influence on 20th century biochemistrySeiten 9 - 38
2 The lock-and-key analogy in Emil Fischer's program on sugar fermentation, 1890-1907Seiten 39 - 76
3 The making of the lock-and-key model of the antibody-antigen relationship, 1886-1930Seiten 77 - 132
4 Lock-and-key foundations for molecular biology: Linus Pauling and the Caltech group, 1930-1960Seiten 133 - 172
5 Lock-and-key-based modeling and its influence on the development of biochemical research programsSeiten 173 - 198
6 Concluding remarks on the construction of analogy-based research programsSeiten 199 - 204
LiteratureSeiten 205 - 224
12 March 2019, 224 pages
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